Recommended Resources
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DICTIONARIES & ENCYCLOPEDIA

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Dictionaries

Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
(Various)
This unique reference offers an encyclopedic exploration of topics not found in ordinary Bible dictionaries, including images, symbols, motifs, metaphors, and literary patterns of the Bible. With its right-brain (rather than left-brain) approach, this warm and creative study resource examines the artistic expressions that fascinate and puzzle Christians. A great resource for Bible study, teaching, and preaching. (CBD)
Book: Amazon | CBD
Ebook: Logos | Word Search: standalone / bundle

Dictionary of Christian Spirituality
(G. G. Scorgie, G. T. Smith, and J. D. Smith III, eds.)
ECPA winner
In recent decades Christian spirituality, spiritual formation and spiritual theology have become important concepts in the global evangelical community. Consequently, an accessible and reliable academic resource is needed on these topics---one that will offer a discerning orientation to the wealth of ecumenical resources available while still highlighting the distinct heritage and affirming the core grace-centered values of classic evangelical spirituality. (CBD)
Book: Amazon | CBD
Ebook: Logos

Dictionary of Everyday Theology and Culture
(B. Demarest and K. J. Matthews, eds.)
This resource contains an alphabetical listing of 173 theological and cultural terms; each entry includes a definition (explaining the term in easy-to-understand language) and an everyday application (helping readers grasp how to live out the concept). Sound theology isn’t simply the intellectual exercise of reflecting on God’s existence and works. Biblical truths are intended for godly living and Christian service. Therefore, this dictionary goes deeper than other reference texts, helping readers apply truths about God to such issues as abortion, divorce, ecology, bioethics, prayer, worship, evangelism, stewardship, politics, and the media. (Logos)
Book: Amazon
Ebook: Logos

Dictionary of Jesus & the Gospels
(Various)
ECPA winner: 1st edition | 2nd edition
[This resource] bridges the gap between scholars and those pastors, teachers, students and lay people desiring in-depth treatment of select topics in an accessible and summary format. The topics range from cross-sectional themes (such as faith, law, Sabbath) to methods of interpretation (such as form criticism, redaction criticism, and death of Jesus) to each of the four Gospels as a whole. Some articles -- such as the Dead Sea Scrolls, rabbinic traditions and revolutionary movements at the time of Jesus -- provide significant background information to the Gospels. Others reflect recent and less familiar issues in Jesus and Gospel studies, such as divine man, ancient rhetoric and the chreiai (aphorisms). (CBD)
Book: 1st ed: Amazon | 2nd ed: Amazon | CBD: standalone / set/series
Ebook: 1st ed:  Logos | 2nd ed: Logos: standalone / set/series | Word Search: standalone / bundle

Dictionary of Paul & His Letters
(Various)
ECPA winner
No other single reference work presents as much information focused exclusively on Pauline theology, literature, background and scholarship. ... In-depth articles focus on individual theological themes (such as law, resurrection and Son of God), broad theological topics (such as Christology, eschatology and the death of Christ), methods of interpretation (such as rhetorical criticism and social-scientific approaches), background topics (such as apocalypticism, Hellenism and Qumran) and various other subjects specifically related to the scholarly study of Pauline theology and literature (such as early catholicism, the center of Paul's theology, and Paul and his interpreters since F. C. Baur). Separate articles are also devoted to each of the Pauline letters to hermeneutics and to preaching Paul today. (CBD)
Book: Amazon | CBD: standalone / set/series
Ebook: Logos: standalone /  set/series | Word Search: standalone / bundle

Dictionary of New Testament Background
(Various)
ECPA winner
The final volume in InterVarsity's landmark Dictionary series! A library of scholarship in summary form, this study encompasses the full scope of Jewish and Greco-Roman cultures, and features articles on such topics as the Dead Sea Scrolls and second-temple Jewish writings. Extensive bibliographies and cross-references to other volumes in the series makes this an indispensable resource. (CBD)
Book: Amazon | CBD: standalone / set/series
Ebook: Logos: standalone /  set/series | Word Search: standalone / bundle

Dictionary of the Later New Testament & Its Developments
(Various)
ECPA winner
In-depth, comprehensive articles focus on theological themes, methods of interpretation, background topics and various other subjects specifically related to the study of New Testament theology and literature. ... Wide-ranging articles range from the books of James and Jude to household codes, from the Roman emperor cult to gnosticism and docetism, questions of canon to second-century church leaders like Ignatius and Polycarp. (CBD)
Book: Amazon | CBD: standalone / set/series
Ebook: Logos: standalone /  set/series | Word Search: standalone / bundle

Dictionary of the Old Testament: Historical Books
(Various)
This volume picks up ... with Joshua and Israel poised to enter the land and carries us through the postexilic period. Some of the most critical interpretive, theological, and historical matters are brought to the forefront by this section of the Bible, and therefore by this dictionary. ... [T]his volume provides articles on architecture, various ancient near eastern societies and their cultures, social interaction, economy, textual concerns, scribal traditions, the nature of both the Bible's history the historians who recorded it for posterity. (CBD)
Book: Amazon | CBD: standalone / set/series
Ebook: Logos: standalone / set/series | Word Search: standalone / bundle

Dictionary of the Old Testament: Pentateuch
(Various)
[The authors] explore the major themes and contours of the Pentateuch, examine and weigh historical issues while posing possible solutions, and offer both appreciative panoramas as well as close-up assessments of literary developments and their methods. (CBD)
Book: Amazon | CBD: standalone / set/series
Ebook: Logos: standalone / set/series | Word Search: standalone / bundle

Dictionary of the Old Testament: Wisdom, Poetry and Writings
(Various)
ECPA winner
[This resource] offers nearly 150 articles covering all the important aspects of Job, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Psalms, Song of Songs, Lamentations, Ruth and Esther. With over ninety contributors, this volume maintains the quality of scholarship that students, scholars and pastors have come to expect from all volumes in this series. Coverage of each biblical book includes an introduction to the book itself as well as separate articles on its ancient Near Eastern context and its history of interpretation. Additional articles amply explore the literary dimensions of Hebrew poetry and prose, including acrostic, ellipsis, inclusio, intertextuality, parallelism and rhyme. Furthermore, there are well-rounded treatments of Israelite wisdom and wisdom literature, including wisdom poems, sources and theology. (CBD)
Book: Amazon | CBD: standalone / set/series
Ebook: Logos: standalone / set/series / set/upgrade | Word Search: standalone / bundle

Dictionary of the Old Testament: Prophets
(Various)
A true compendium of recent scholarship, this volume includes 115 articles covering all aspects of Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, the twelve "minor prophets" and Daniel. Each book's historical, cultural, religious and literary background is thoroughly covered, alongside articles on interpretation history and critical method. Pastors, scholars and students will find this a deep resource for their Old Testament studies. (CBD)
Book: Amazon | CBD: standalone / set/series
Ebook: Logos: standalone / set/series / set/upgrade | Word Search: standalone / bundle

Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology (now: Baker Theological Dictionary of the Bible)
(Various)
ECPA winner
This major reference volume includes over five hundred articles explaining the theological message and key themes of both Old and New Testaments. It includes articles on abortion, money, altars, pride, promise, the second coming, Jerusalem, and many others. (Logos)
Book: Amazon
Ebook: Logos | Free online version

Evangelical Dictionary of Theology
(Various)
ECPA winner (original edition)
Christianity Today hailed it as "a work of responsible evangelical scholarship." For 15 years it's provided pastors, teachers, and students with a balanced overview of theological trends. Elwell's dictionary is especially noted for the caliber of its many contributors. In this updated edition, some articles have been revised and many new ones added. (CBD)
Book: Amazon link (3rd ed/2017) | CBD link (3rd ed/2017)
Ebook: Logos link (3rd ed/2017) | Word Search link

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary
(Various)
Redesigned to redefine "lexicon"---if your students can't find it here, it's probably not a word! Includes 165,000 entries and 225,000 definitions; more than 40,000 usage examples; clarification of 7,500 phrases and idioms; and hundreds of illustrations, diagrams, and tables. A handbook of style offers essential information to improve writing skills. (CBD)
Book: Amazon | CBD
Ebook: Logos

Nelson's Dictionary of Christianity: The Authoritative Resource on the Christian World
(Various)
(formerly: Nelson's New Christian Dictionary: The Authoritative Resource On The Christian World)
This dictionary provides definitions for over 7,000 terms and names in the history of Christianity. The topics range from the foundational theological developments of the early church to the divisions of the Protestant Reformation to the missionary enterprises of the last two centuries. (CBD)
Book: Amazon
Ebook: Logos | Word Search

Nelson's New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
(Various)
ECPA winner
With over 7,000 concise entries by the world's finest evangelical scholars, this handy reference will greatly enrich your Bible study. (CBD)
Book: Amazon (new ed./2014) | CBD (new ed./2014)
Ebook: e-Sword | Logos | Word Search

New Bible Dictionary
(Various)
This updated, third edition of the New Bible Dictionary is a reference work ideally suited for people of all ages and backgrounds. Trusted for over 50 years, it now includes the latest research in biblical studies, ancient Near Eastern studies, and archaeological finds. One hundred of the most important articles have been revised and rewritten. ... Also included is essential background information on the history, geography, and customs of Israel and its Middle Eastern neighbors. (CBD)
Book: Amazon | CBD
Ebook: Logos

New Dictionary of Biblical Theology
(Various)
Drawing from an extensive list of contributors, this book includes numerous general articles on biblical theology, covering topics like the canon of Scripture, biblical history, the university and diversity of Scripture, and others. It also contains articles looking at the theology and setting of the biblical corpora and individual books (reading them on their own terms). These articles are considered the analysis portion of this book. The synthesis of the various books into a cohesive whole is undertaken in the section on biblical themes, an extensive, alphabetically arranged section covering themes like sin, atonement, redemption, salvation, etc. (CBD)
Book: Amazon | CBD
Ebook: Logos | Word Search

New Dictionary of Theology
(Various)
An authoritative reference for biblical, systematic and historical theology! From over 200 international contributors, here are 630 original articles, each biblically grounded, historically informed, and evangelical in flavor. Covering theologians, movements, terms, and ideas, each article is concise and free from overly technical language and enhanced by numerous cross references and bibliographies. (CBD)
Book: Amazon (2nd ed) | CBD (2nd ed)
Ebook: Logos (2nd ed)

New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology (4 vols)
Colin Brown, gen. ed.
Unlock the significance, meaning, and nuances of words in the New Testament without having to study Hebrew or Greek! The 4-volume New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology examines and discusses the major theological terms of the Bible. (Logos)
Book: CBD  (abridged ed.)
Ebook: Logos

New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology & Exegesis (5 vols)
Moises Silva, gen. ed.
A standard and widely-used reference work for nearly 40 years, the New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology and Exegesis has been thoroughly revised and updated to aid today's pastors, students, scholars, and teachers in their study of the New Testament. (CBD)
Book: Amazon | CBD
Ebook: Logos

New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology & Exegesis (5 vols)
William A. VanGemeren, gen. ed.
This set (abbreviated NIDOTTE) is the Old Testament counterpart to the New International Dictionary of NewTestament Theology (NIDNTT) by Colin Brown, ed. The NIDOTTE contains more than 3,000 entries, written by over 200 scholars from 24 countries and more than 100 academic institutes. (CBD)
Book: Amazon | CBD
Ebook: Logos | Word Search

Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, Abridged in One Volume
edited by Gerhard Kittel and Gerhard Friedrich, translated by Geoffrey W. Bromiley
The monumental 10-volume Kittel's TDNT is considered the best NT dictionary ever compiled. Yet its size and technical nature have put off many Bible students who might otherwise have profited from its essential insights. The one-volume "Little Kittel" overcomes this difficulty, focusing particularly on biblical usage. All other material is greatly reduced or eliminated. (CBD)
Book: Amazon | CBD
Ebook: Logos | Word Search

Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Philip W. Comfort, Walter A. Elwell, gen. eds.
[This resource] includes all the significant people, places, and terms in the Bible. Also, you will find comprehensive articles on all the books of the Bible, significant words in the Bible, translations of the Bible, manuscripts of the Bible, and the canon of Scripture. Beyond this, there are articles on many different aspects of life and culture during Bible times. Key Bible themes, concepts, and difficult-to-understand subjects are addressed at length. (CBD)
Book: Amazon | CBD
Ebook: Logos | Word Search

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Encyclopedia

Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible (4 vols)
Walter A. Elwell, gen. ed.
[This resource] provides pastors and laypeople with clear, accurate, and useful articles covering archaeology, history, chronology, social customs, persons, places, religious practices, biblical theology, current scholarly methods and opinions, and each book of the Bible. (Logos)
Book: Amazon
Ebook: Logos

The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised (4 vols)
Geoffrey W. Bromiley, gen. ed.
ECPA winner: vol 1 | vol 2 | vol 3
This set contains over 9,000 topics and 3,500 cross-references, including an article on every name of a person or place mentioned in the Bible. It also examines major Bible doctrines and gives opposing articles on controversial topics to ensure a rounded explanation and description. Hundreds of evangelical contributors from many fields of biblical research make this encyclopedia a well-rounded resource. The Dead Sea Scrolls, the Apocrypha and other extrabiblical resources are utilized and explained. (CBD)
Book: Amazon | CBD
Ebook: Logos | Word Search

The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (5 vols)
Merril C. Tenney, gen. ed., Moises Silva, rev. ed.
One of the most reliable Bible encyclopedias has been thoroughly revised! Backed by current archaeological research, this comprehensive edition features over 7,500 quality articles from more than 230 international scholars; plus hundreds of color and black-and-white illustrations, charts, graphs, and maps. Diverse viewpoints provide well-rounded perspectives of theological and biblical topics. (CBD)
Book: Amazon
Ebook: Logos | Word Search

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